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Architectonic Solution of Making Accessible Tertiary Education for Disabled, Campus CTU in Prague - Dejvice

Ing.arch. Jana Zezulová



The Rights Agreement for disabled people recognises the importance of the access to the education. That is important to the fulfilment of one of the basic human rights. Equal access to the education is the primary assumption for social integration and independence. Lower education and expertise is a big disadvantage even for people without disabilities.
Nowadays, the integration is promoted. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic service education in the primary and secondary schools to everyone, disabled people included. Tertiary education is a different case. Regarding tertiary education, it is up to their own initiative of each institution to provide the access to its students. At this moment there are student’s centres, advisory centres for disabled students at most of the universities, both public and private. Significant of their work is that they don’t wait the disabled student ask to study. They initiate changes in order to be able to offer study opportunities. Of course, there is possibility to study at a distance, thanks to the IT technology, internet, electronic books, etc. This solution is acceptable when there are no other possibilities, sometimes it is neccessary because of the specificity of the impairments. But it is not point of accessibility, it still excludes disabled from the society. All the agreements lead toward the participation in social life. In the second half of 20th century, a group of people with limited physical abilities and orientations, seniors, pregnant women and people accompanying children junior to 3 years was defined. People with mental disease and viscera disease included. And since then there are Public notes for designing accessible environment. The barrier free environment designing is governed by the Public Notice No. 398/2009 Sb. of the Czech Republic(the general technical requirements ensuring barrier-free use of buildings).
The main issue is access to university environment and higher education for people with disabilities. The aspects affecting access was defined in the case study solution, campus CTU Prague - Dejvice. Found out whether it is always sufficient design by decree without consulting with experts and target group. Compared the needs of students with disabilities and building adjustments in accordance with the Public Notice No.398/2009 Sb. Proved that these needs are changing, can not be treat as a constant units. Demontrated that even if the environment satisfies legislative requirements for access to universities for disabled, it does not mean access to higher education. On the other hand confirmed the need for access to higher education. accessible university environment, in addition to provision of supporting tools, adjustments, and other special educational support.
This thesis is used as a basis for preparing the development plan the elimination ofbarriers in buildings CTU.

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